Brief General Bibliography

Applebaum, Nancy P., Anne S. Macpherson and Karin Alejandra Rosemblatt, eds. Race & Nation
     in Modern Latin America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.
Conniff, Michael L. and T.J. Davis, eds. Africans in the Americas: A History of the Black
     Diaspora. New York, St. Martin’s Press, 1994.
Davis, Darien J., ed. Slavery and Beyond: The African Impact on Latin America and the
    Caribbean. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1995.
Graham, Richard, ed. The Idea of Race in Latin America. Austin: University of Texas
    Press, 1990.
Luis, William. Voices from Under: Black Narrative in Latin America and the Caribbean.
    Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1984.
Minority Rights Group, eds. No Longer Invisible: Afro-Latin Americans today. United Kingdom:
    Minority Rights Publications, 1995.
Mörner, Magnus. Race and Class in Latin America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.
Price, Richard, ed. Maroon Societies: Rebel Slave Communities in the Americas.
    Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1979.
Rout, Leslie B., Jr. The African Experience in Spanish America. Princeton, NJ: Marcus
     Wiener Publishers, 2003 [1976].
Stepan, Nancy Leys. The Hour of Eugenics: Race, Gender, and Nation in Latin America.
    Melbourne, Australia: Ocean Press, 1993.
Scott, James. Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts. New Haven,
     CT: Yale University Press, 1990.
Thornton, John. Africa and Africans in the Making of the Atlantic World, 1400-1800.
    Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Walker, Sheila S., ed. African Roots/American Cultures: Africa in the Creation of the Americas.
    Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2001.
Whitten, Norman E., Jr. and Arlene Torres, eds. Blackness in Latin America and the
    Caribbean: Social Dynamics and Cultural Transformations. Bloomington: Indiana
    University Press, 1998.

Bibliographies for Countries Featured in the Videos

Aidi, Hisham. “Blacks in Argentina: Disappearing Acts.”
Andrews, George Reid. The Afro-Argentines of Buenos Aires, 1800-1900. Madison:
     University of Wisconsin Press, 1980.
Lewis, Marvin A. Afro-Argentine Discourse: Another Dimension of the Black Diaspora.
    Columbia: University of Missouri, 1996.

Brown, Diana de Groat. Umbanda: Religion and Politics in Urban Brazil. New York:
     Columbia University Press, 1994.
Burdick, John. Blessed Anastácia: Women, Race, and Popular Christianity in Brazil.
     New York, Routledge, 1998.
Degler, Carl. Neither Black nor White: Slavery and Race Relations in Brazil and the
 United States. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1986 [1971].
Farris Thompson, Robert and Phyllis Galembo. Divine Inspiration: From Benin to Bahía.
    Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, 1993.
Guillermoprieto, Alma. Samba. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990.
Hanchard, George Michael. Orpheus and Power: The Movimento Negro of Rio de
    Janeiro and São Paulo, Brazil, 1945-1988. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University
    Press, 1994.
Hellwig, David J., ed. African-American Reflections on Brazil’s Racial Paradise.
    Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992.
Johnson, Paul C. Secrets, Gossip, and Gods: The Transformation of Brazilian
    Candomblé. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Pivin, Jean Loup and Pascal Martin Saint Leon, eds. Pierre Verger: Le Messager/The
    Go-Between. Photographies 1932-1962. Paris: Editions Revue Noire, 1993.
Sherriff, Robin E. Dreaming Equality: Color, Race, and Racism in Urban Brazil.
    New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2001.

Arocha, Jaime. “Afro-Colombia Denied.” Report on the Americas: The Black Americas
    1492-1992. NACLA 25:4 [1992].
Grueso, Libia, Carlos Rosero, Arturo Escobar. “The Process of Black Community
    Organizing in the Southern Pacific Coast Region of Colombia.” Cultures of
    Politics/Politics of Cultura: Re-visioning Latin American Social Movements, ed.
    Sonia E. Alvarez, Evelina Dagnino, Arturo Escobar Boulder: Westview Press, 1998.
Riaño-Alcalá, Pilar. “Introduction: Memory, Representations and Narratives: Rethinking
    Violence in Colombia.” Journal of Latin American Anthropology 7:1 2002.
Streicker, Joel. “Policing Boundaries: Race, Class, and Gender in Cartagena, Colombia.”
    American Ethnologist 22:1 [1995] 54-74.
Wade, Peter. “Introduction: The Colombian Pacific in Perspective”. Journal of Latin
    American Anthropology 7:2 2002.
---. Blackness and Race Mixture: The Dynamics of Racial Identity in Colombia.
    Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.
Webb, Danica. “Hitting them when they’re down: The difficult position of Afro-Colombians”.
    Progreso Weekly. April 29 – May 5 2004.
Whitten, Norman E. Black Frontiersmen: A South American Case. Long Grove, IL:
    Waveland Publishers, 1986 [1974].

“ AfroCubaWeb: Gloria Rolando”
“ AfroCubaWeb: Mendive”
Barnet, Miguel. Afro-Cuban Religions. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2001
Bascom, William R. Sixteen Cowries: Yoruba Divination from Africa to the New World.
    Bloomington, IN: University of Indiana Press, 1980.
Brandon, George. Santería from Africa to the New World: The Dead Sell Memories.
    Bloomington, IN: University of Indiana Press, 1993.
Eli Rodríguez, Victoria. “Cuban Music and Ethnicity: Historical Considerations.”
     In Music and Black Ethnicity: The Caribbean and South America, ed. Gerard
     Béhague. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1994.
Fuente, Alejandro de la. A Nation for All: Race, Inequality, and Politics in Twentieth-Century
     Cuba. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2001.
González-Whippler, Migene. Santería: The Religion: A Legacy of Faith, Rites and Magic.
     Miami: Harmony, 1994.
---. Introduction to Seashell Divination. New York: Original Publications, 1992.
“ Inquice Web”
Mauge, Conrad E. Odú Ifá: Sacred Scriptures of Ifá. Mt. Vernon, NY: House of
     Providence, 1994.
Moore, Robin D. Nationalizing Blackness: Afrocubanismo and Artistic Revolution in
     Cuba, 1920-1940. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1997.
Mosquera, Gerardo. “The Strokes of Magical Realism in Manuel Mendive.” In Afro-Cuba:
     An Anthology of Cuban Writing on Race, Politics, and Culture, ed. Pedro Pérez
     Sarduy and Jean Stubbs. Melbourne, Australia: Ocean Press, 1994.
---. “Elegguá at the Modern Crossroads: The Presence of Africa in the Visual Art of
     Cuba.” In Santería: Aesthetics in Contemporary Latin American Art, ed. Arturo
     Lindsay. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institute Press, 1996.
Ortíz, Fernando. Cuban Counterpoint: Tobacco and Sugar. Durham: Duke University
    Press, 1995.
Scott, Rebecca J. Slave Emancipation in Cuba: The Transition to Free Labor, 1860-1966.
    Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985.
Stubbs, Jean and Pedro Pérez Sarduy. Afro-Cuban Voices: On Race and Identity in
    Contemporary Cuba. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2000.
Wetli, Charles V. and Rafael Martínez. “Brujería: A Manifestation of Palo Mayombe in
    South Florida.” Journal of the Florida Medical Association 70 August: 629-634.

Bennett, Herman. Africans in Colonial Mexico: Absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole
    Consciousness, 1570 – 1640. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003.
Carroll, Patrick J. Blacks in Colonial Veracruz: Race, Ethnicity, and Regional Development.
    Austin: University of Texas Press, 1991.
Cope, R. Douglas. The Limits of Racial Domination: Plebeian Society in Colonial Mexico,
    1600-1720. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1994.
Vinson, Ben III. Bearing Arms for His Majesty: The Free-Colored Militia in Colonial Mexico.
    Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001.

Da Luz, Alejandrina. “Uruguay” No Longer Invisible: Afro-Latin Americans today, ed.
     Minority Rights Group. United Kingdom: Minority Rights Publications, 1995.
Lewis, Marvin A. Afro-Uruguayan Literature: Post-Colonial Perspectives. London:
     Associated University Presses, 2003.

United States
Duany, Jorge. “Reconstructing Racial Identity: Ethnicity, Color and Class among
     Dominicans in the United States and Puerto Rico”. Latin American Perspectives.
     25:5 [Sept. 1998] 87-116.
Fusco, Coco. English is Broken Here: Notes on Cultural Fusion in the Americas.
     New York: New Press, 1995.
Grillo, Evelio. Black Cuban, Black American: A Memoir. Houston, TX: Arte Público
     Press, 2000.
Hellwig, David J., ed. African-American Reflections on Brazil’s Racial Paradise.
     Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992.
Littlefield, Daniel E. Africans and Seminoles: From Removal to Emancipation. Westport, CT:
     Greenwood Press, 1977.
Mulroy, Kevin. Freedom on the Border: The Seminole Indians in Florida, the Indian
     Territory, Coahuila, and Texas. Lubbock, TX: Texas Tech University Press, 1993.
Oboler, Suzanne. Ethnic Labels, Latino Lives: Politics of Representation in the United
     States. Minneapolis: University pf Minnesota Press 1995.
Porter, Kenneth Wiggins. The Black Seminoles: History of a Freedom-Seeking People.
     Gainesville, University of Florida Press, 1996.
Sutton, Constance R. and Elsa M. Chaney, eds. Caribbean Life in New York City:
     Sociocultural Dimensions. Staten Island, NY: Center for Migration Studies, 1987.

Brandt, Max Hans. “African Drumming from Rural Communities around Caracas and Its
     Impact on Venezuelan Music and Ethnic Identity.” Music and Black Ethnicity:
     The Caribbean and South America, ed. Gerard Béhague. New Brunswick, NJ:
     Transaction Books, 1994.
Guss, David M. The Festive State: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationalism as Cultural Performance.
     Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.
Wright, Winthrop R. Café con Leche: Race, Class, and National Image in Venezuela.
     Austin, University of Texas Press, 1990.

West Indians in Latin America
Bryce-Laport, Roy Simon and Trevor Purcell. “A Lesser-Known Chapter of the African
    Diaspora: West Indians in Costa Rica, Central America.” In Global Dimensions of
    the African Diaspora, ed. Joseph E. Harris Washington, DC: Howard University
Press, 1993.
Lewis, Rupert and Patrick Bryan, eds. Garvey: His Work and Impact. Trenton, NJ:
    Africa World Press, 1991.
Petras, Elizabeth McLean. Jamaican Labor Migration: White Capital and Black Labor,
    1950-1930. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1988.
Putnam, Lisa. The Company They Kept: Migrants and the Politics of Gender in
    Caribbean Costa Rica, 1870-1960 Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina
    Press, 2002.

Web Links

"AfroCubaWeb: Gloria Rolando"

"AfroCubaWeb: Mendive"

Aidi, Hisham. "Blacks in Argentina: Disappearing Acts"


Carrol, Patrick J.


Dawson, C. Daniel. "Treasure in the Terror: The African Cultural Legacy in the Americas"
The Freedom Chronicle . 2:1 [Fall 2002]

"Global Mappings: A Political Atlas of the African Diaspora"

"Inquice Web"

Santacruz, Nicomedes. "Afro Americans: Presence and Expansion"

UNESCO. "2004" Slavery Abolition Year: UNESCO Culture Sector"

Webb, Danica. "Hitting them when they're down: The difficult position of Afro-Colombians" .
Progreso Weekly. April 29 - May 5 2004

Study guide prepared by Michael A. Birenbaum Quintero.
Special thanks to Sheila Walker of Spelman College for her comments and suggestions.
This project has been partially funded by the National Endowment for the Arts.
Copyright 2005, Latin American Video Archives. Contact LAVA at